Jungian Terms


An internal feminine image occurring in a man’s unconscious.


An internal masculine image occurring in a woman’s unconscious.


Ancient, affectively charged motifs and predispositions toward ideas, images, and patterns of behavior that are common to all of humankind (Rosen, 1993).


The ego functions as the center of the personality, and consciousness.  Also, the “will,” which translates into action toward specific goals (Whitmont, 1969).


The infinitely varied composite of all human nonsomatic capacities, both conscious and unconscious (Mattoon, 1981).


The central archetype; the archetype of order, the totality of the personality (Jung, 1961).


That part of us that we fail to see or know (Johnson, 1991).


The fact of character attributed to nature or natural processes of being directed toward an end or shaped by a purpose (Merriam Webster, 1994).


That part of the personality that is below conscious awareness, and not under the control of the ego (Mattoon, 1981).



Johnson, R.A. (1991).  Owning your own shadow:  Understanding the dark side of the psyche.  New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Jung, C.G. (1961).  Memories, dreams, reflections.  New York: Vintage Books.

Mattoon, M. (1981).  Jungian psychology in perspective.  New York: The Free Press.

Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (10th ed.).  (1994). Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Rosen, D.H. (1993).  Transforming depression:  A Jungian approach using the creative arts.  New York:G.P. Putnam’s Sons.

Whitmont, E.C. (1969).  The symbolic quest: Basic concepts of analytical psychology.  Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

© 2011, Dr. Jeff Howlin. All rights reserved.

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